Staying Safe in the SUN
Keeping your child safe in the sun is a priority for every parent, but how can you make sure they're protected during the school day?
When the temperature soars, keeping your child safe in the sun becomes a priority for every parent. But often, there’s some confusion about how schools handle the issue of sun safety, particularly when it comes to the use of sunscreen.
Children spend around eight hours per week outside at school, and this outdoor time typically coincides with the hottest part of the day: 11am until 3pm.
‘Sun safety has to be regarded as a serious health and safety concern, and as schools are looking after our children, we have the right to make sure they’re protected,’ says Kathryn Clifford of : the Karen Clifford Skin Cancer Charity.
y about the use of sunscreen in schools?
There’s often some misunderstanding around the use of sunscreen in primary schools. Some ask parents to apply it to their child before school; others ask that a bottle is sent in to be applied during the day. Some state that they aren’t allowed to help children apply it, due to the risk of or allegations of abuse; others are happy to do so.
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) states that, ‘health and safety legislation does not prevent school staff from applying or helping pupils apply sun cream. The Department for Education has already made clear that schools are expected to take a sensible approach to this issue.’
NICE, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, backs this up, identifying children as an at-risk group for sun damage. Its guidance says head teachers should take action to protect children from over-exposure to UV rays, and that schools should develop a policy to ensure they are protected as much as possible when they’re outside for more than a brief period in strong sunlight.
It says, ‘The NUT advises teachers not to apply sunscreen to pupils due to the potential for allegations of abuse and, in particular, the time it would take to apply sunscreen to a class of pupils prior to breaktime or lunchtime… If schools decide to allow staff to apply sunscreen to pupils, parental consent should be obtained. Teachers and other staff who do wish to do so should only apply the sunscreen to the face, neck and arms of pupils.’
This leaves both parents and schools unclear as to what they can and can’t do. But
‘This is because sunscreen applied in the morning before school will become ineffective by around 10/11am, leaving a child’s skin unprotected during the hottest time of the day (between 11am and 3pm),’ says Kathryn. ‘Sunscreen should be reapplied at least every two hours to provide adequate protection. This requires a practical approach toward the application of sunscreen in schools, particularly with younger or less able children.’
What should a sun safety policy say?
There are additional criteria surrounding sun protection, such as the wearing of hats and provision of shade, but the above points cover a school’s responsibilities surrounding sunscreen.
Are once-a-day sunscreens effective enough?
Many parents who are unsure about their school’s approach to sunscreen choose to use a once-a-day cream before their child goes to school. But research by Which? suggests that they are not fully effective, and that .
‘We wouldn’t recommend so-called all-day sunscreens, because you can’t control factors like how much your child sweats during the day, or whether it has rubbed off on towels or clothing,’ explains Kathryn.
‘We advise using a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 and a UVA rating of four or, ideally, five stars, and reapplying it every two hours.’
At what age should children larn to apply their own sunscreen?
Many schools encourage children to apply their own sunscreen to get around the thorny issue of teachers having physical contact with pupils. Skcin advocates this approach.
‘Teaching children to apply their sunscreen has got to be easier than teaching them to read and write,’ explains Kathryn. ‘Parents can be encouraged to teach their children how to do this.’
It’s a good idea to teach your child to apply their own sunscreen once they’re of school age, encouraging them to cover any exposed areas of skin. There are various different child-friendly formulations that may help your child, such as roll-ons, sprays and mousse.
It’s also important to teach your child the other basics of sun safety, such as wearing a broad brimmed hat and seeking shade at the hottest time of the day.
t uld you do if your child gets sunburnt at school?
Shockingly, almost 40% of children have been sunburnt at school. If this happens to your child, take the following steps:
‘It’s also important to draw the school’s attention to what has happened,’ advises Kathryn. ‘Ask if they have a sun safety policy, and if so, ask whether it was followed. Ultimately, schools and parents need to work together to reduce the risk of sun damage and ensure children are protected.’
More information about sun safety for families
The booklet offers a wealth of potentially life-saving information about the risks of UV, how to prevent skin cancer, how to protect children, how to check your skin for signs of change and what to look out for. Read it online on the .
Click here for more information.